When driving there are many dangers that you will come across so you must educate yourself to know how to deal with them. We now have safer cars and safer roads but it still doesn’t mean these dangers are ruled out. There are adverts on TV, posters, billboards everywhere about driving safely so you would have thought it wouldn’t be a problem, but obviously, accidents and mistakes still happen. The weather is also a huge cause of many accidents so ensure you drive slowly and with caution.
Keeping your distance is an important part of driving. If there is space around you, you are much less likely to crash. The most common form of accident is rear-end collisions. You must make sure you are managing the space behind you as well as in front; this could mean pressing your breaks slightly earlier so that the person behind gets alerted that you are beginning to slow down.
When in dry weather conditions you should leave at least 2 seconds worth of space between you and the car in front. When it is raining the roads can get slippery and visibility decreases, so there for you must drive slowly, keep a safe breaking distance (at least 4 seconds) and use your dipped headlights. This may not happen often but you may have to drive in snowy or icy conditions and in this case, you have to be extremely careful. When you get going, you should move away slowly and not accelerate too quickly. Of course, you will need to drive slowly, keep a safe breaking distance and use your brakes and accelerator gently so that you don’t skid or slip. Keeping a moderate speed and using lower gears down slopes is also very important. Driving in the fog means you will have very reduced visibility so you must remember to turn on your fog lights, reduce your speed, not over take and leave enough space in front of you to break.
You must give yourself time, in all situations, especially built up areas. Road traffic accidents are most likely to happen in towns and cities due to the fast moving traffic and amount of cars. Accidents on the road totally depend on the speed you are going. If you hit the back of a car going 30 mph, it won’t do as much damage as it would if you hit a cyclist or child at that speed. One thing you mustn’t do is treat speed limits as a target that must be reached because in some situations it would not be safe to be going that speed. If you are going on a long journey, you must leave some extra time so that you are not rushing and you can relax because you don’t want to be driving erratically as it can cause collisions.
It is important to keep your vehicle regularly serviced and checked over (you could go to a Service4Service service centre) making sure that everything is up to date, filled up and working. Here are some points to make sure you remember:
- Oil – Fill the oil to the correct amount. Filling it over or under the limit could cause engine damage
- Electronics – Checking your windscreen wipers, windows, horn, battery, and heater fan is a must because they will only deteriorate more and more.
- Water – Keep the water filled up and use additive in the winter to prevent freezing.
- Lights – Check main beams, fog lights, sidelights, break lights and indicators
- Fuel – keep your full tank as full as possible to illuminate any risk of running out, especially on long journeys
- Tyres – the tyre depth must be 1.6 millimetres and the tyres must be fully pumped up to reduce the risk of a blow out at high speed